AMERICAN JEWESS, monthly magazine published between April 1895 and August 1899. It was the first English-language periodical intended for American Jewish women. Indicative of newly emerging public identities for Jewish women, the American Jewess offered health, household, and fashion tips; discussion of women's demands for synagogue membership; early expressions of American Zionism; short fiction; and reflections on the propriety of women riding bicycles. Rosa Sonneschein, the creator and editor of the American Jewess, was a Hungarian immigrant who divorced her rabbi husband in St. Louis. Her successful participation in the Press Congress and Jewish Women's Congress that were both part of 1893's World's Columbian Exposition in Chicago inspired her to create the American Jewess. Like the national council of jewish women , which also emerged from the Jewish Women's Congress, the American Jewess was intended to represent the aspirations of America's prosperous and acculturated Jewish women who believed that the national and religious aspects of their identity were not in conflict. Thoroughly American and thoroughly Jewish, the "American Jewess" felt fully at home in her overlapping worlds of American and Jewish culture. Working initially from Chicago and later from New York, Sonneschein echoed NCJW's calls for female synagogue membership and leadership. Through her magazine, she was able to offer the first sustained critique, by a Jewish woman, of gender inequities in Jewish worship and organizational life. In addition, by publishing a veritable portrait gallery of locally prominent Jewish women (often those serving their communities as NCJW officers), Sonneschein altered expectations of what American Jewish leaders should look like. Male and female authors within the magazine offered differing views on Jewish women's public roles within the Jewish and general communities, but all were engaged in making sense of new collective and individual identities for women. At its height, the magazine claimed a circulation of 31,000. Deflected by both business and health setbacks, however, Sonneschein yielded control to an unidentified group of publishers in the summer of 1898. Despite Sonneschein's continued contributions as a correspondent, the publication suffered from the loss of her editorial vision and energy. When the new publishers were unable to revive the magazine's financial fortunes, the American Jewess shifted from a monthly to a quarterly publication in 1899; it concluded its run with a "valedictory" issue in August 1899. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: J. Rothstein, "The American Jewess," in: P.E. Hyman and D. Dash Moore, Jewish Women in America (1997), 39–42. (Karla Goldman (2nd ed.)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

Игры ⚽ Поможем написать курсовую

Look at other dictionaries:

  • The American Jewess — (1895 1899) described itself as the only magazine in the world devoted to the interests of Jewish women. It was the first English language periodical targeted to American Jewish women, covering an evocative range of topics that ranged from women… …   Wikipedia

  • Romance of a Jewess — Le Roman d une juive Le Roman d une juive (titre original : Romance of a Jewess) est un film muet américain réalisé par D. W. Griffith, sorti en 1908. Sauf mention contraire cette fiche est établie à partir du livre D.W. Griffith Le Cinéma,… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • List of Jewish American playwrights — This is a list of famous Jewish American playwrights. For other famous Jewish Americans, see List of Jewish Americans. *Lynn Ahrens [ Jewish Composed Musicals ] ] *Sholom Aleichem [… …   Wikipedia

  • WOMAN — This article is arranged according to the following outline: the historical perspective biblical period marriage and children women in household life economic roles educational and managerial roles religious roles women outside the household… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Rosa Sonnenschein — (1847 1932) was the founder and editor of The American Jewess magazine. It was the first English language periodical targeted to American Jewish women.Personal lifeBorn in Hungary, Rosa Sonnenschein emigrated to the United States with her rabbi… …   Wikipedia

  • History of the Jews in Philadelphia — The Jews of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania can trace their history back to Colonial America. Jews have lived there since the arrival of William Penn in 1682.Early historyJewish traders were operating in southeastern Pennsylvania long before Penn. The …   Wikipedia

  • Sonnenschein — is a German surname meaning sunshine and may refer to: * Carl Sonnenschein (1876 1929), priest and social activist * Franz Leopold Sonnenschein (1817 1879), chemist * Hugo Sonnenschein (1889–1953) * Hugo F. Sonnenschein, American economist * Rosa …   Wikipedia

  • SONNENSCHEIN (née Jassol), ROSA — (1847–1932), early American Zionist and editor. Sonnenschein was born in Hungary but immigrated to America where she soon became prominent in literary circles, serving as special correspondent for several St. Louis and Chicago newspapers while… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Ernst Vollrath — (* 25. Januar 1932 in Wevelinghoven; † 30. Januar 2003 in Bochum) war ein deutscher politischer Philosoph, der sich seit Anfang der 1970er Jahre hauptsächlich mit den Werken Hannah Arendts auseinandersetzte und auf dieser Grundlage eine Theorie… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Magain Shalome Synagogue — בית הכנסת מגן שלום Basic information Location Corner Jamila St Nishtar Rd Karachi, Pakistan Affiliation Orthodo …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”